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Babies : Development

Updated: Feb 5, 2021


baby development growth changes milestones

All babies will develop at their own rate, generally in the same sequence but at completely different times. Your baby’s development depends on their everyday life and environment. Hence why plenty of love, care and interesting experiences will do wonders for their brain development. Some babies are crawling at 7 months while other babies are still lying still on their play mat – your baby will develop at whatever rate is right for them.

You may see your baby developing in leaps and bounds and then you may notice no changes, or in fact their development may seem to go in reverse. This is quite normal but if you have any queries or concerns, as always consult your healthcare professional.

Motor Skills

Between 3 & 6 Months:

  • Around 4 months your baby may be starting to lift their head up whilst laying on their stomach (called ‘Tummy Time.').

  • Around 6 months your baby may be learning to roll from their tummy to their side, or from their back to their side, and may begin to push themselves up using their hands when laying on their stomachs.

Between 6 & 9 Months:

  • From around 6 months your baby may be able to keep his head up when pulled into a sitting position.

  • Your baby may begin to roll from their stomach to their back and back again without your assistance.

  • Your baby may be making the beginning movements of crawling - by pulling themselves along whilst on their stomachs.

  • At around 9 months your baby may be pulling themselves to standing by using supports like a table or chair.

Between 9 & 12 Months:


  • Your baby may now be learning to sit without support and may be crawling.

  • By 12 months your baby may be pulling themselves into a standing position without any support.

  • By 12 months your baby may walk a few steps with two hands held.

  • Your baby may be standing independently for a few seconds.

Vision


Between 3 & 6 Months:


  • Your baby’s eyesight is steadily improving. They are developing depth perception, and their eyes may be now able to focus on specific things and people’s faces. Your baby is beginning to connect what he sees, with what he tastes, feels, hears etc. Your baby will be watching your reactions to his emotions, and he is developing the ability to recognise his own emotions, when he is sad, happy, fearful etc.

  • Your baby may be able to follow an object moved in an arc 180 degrees (side to side) with the object held approximately 20 cms from her face.

  • Around 5 months your baby may be getting better at spotting very small objects and may begin to recognise objects which are only partly visible. This is evidence of their developing understanding of object permanence, understanding something is there without seeing it. Your baby may also be developing an understanding of the differences between bright colours, and softer pastels and light tones.

  • From around 5 months your baby may begin to track their personal movement - watching their hands in front of their faces etc.

  • Your baby will may to recognise and smile at their own reflection.

  • By around 6 months your baby may use their vision to reach for and grasp an object accurately.

Between 6 & 9 Months:

  • Your baby may be developing his ability to tell the difference between people and faces.

  • Your baby may begin to follow movement with very little head movement.

  • During this time, you may notice your baby is beginning to watch activities for longer periods of time.

  • By around 8 months your baby’s vision may almost be at adult level with regards to clarity and depth perception. Their vision may still be focused predominately on closer objects, but their eyes could be strong enough to focus on people and objects across the room.

  • By around 9 months your babies eye colour will form. They may also start to look/work to get to objects which are just offhand or look for objects he/she has dropped.

Between 9 & 12 Months:


  • Your baby’s ability to shift their vision from near to far spaces may be vastly improving.